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脫去緊身衣,企鵝展新姿



  小時侯老師常說,動物界里有一群穿著黑色禮服的紳士,住在很冷很冷的地方——它們就是企鵝先生。可是,你能想象企鵝真的穿上衣服嗎?曾經,皮埃爾就是這么一只獨特的企鵝。不過,如今的它已經褪去外衣,回歸自我。一起來看看它的故事吧。
  
  Earlier this year, a penguin at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco was, arguably[有爭議的], the world’s best-dressed penguin. In reality, he was probably the world’s only dressed penguin – outfitted with a “wet suit[緊身潛水衣]” after he began to lose his feathers.
  Bald patches started appearing on Pierre’s tail and head in 2006.
  The situation was dangerous, says Pam Schaller, a senior aquatic[水生的] biologist at the California Academy of Sciences.
  Feathers keep penguins warm and enable them to identify[識別] each other.
   “With the appearance of bald patches, Pierre was getting picked on[作弄] by other birds, and he wasn’t swimming very often because he was very cold,” Schaller said.
  After medical tests yielded inconclusive[不確定的] results, Pierre was fitted with a neoprene[氯丁橡膠] vest, which allowed him to move his wings and flippers[鰭狀肢].
  After six weeks in his new clothes, Pierre’s feathers began to re-grow, and he now has a new lease on life[改善某人狀況或前景的機會].
  By penguin standards, Pierre is an elder statesman[政治家]: In the wild, penguins live about 15 years; in captivity[這里指人工圈養], they live to about 20. Pierre turned 25 in February.
   “He is behaving as though he is, once again, the patriarch[元老] of the colony[群體],” Schaller says.
   “Now he’s standing tall and strong.”
  
  直到今年早些時候,舊金山加州科學院里的一只企鵝——在重重爭議下——曾是“全球最佳著裝企鵝”。實際上,它可能是世界上唯一一只穿衣服的企鵝——它在開始掉毛之后穿上了一套“緊身
  潛水衣”。
  2006年,企鵝皮埃爾的尾巴和頭部開始出現禿斑。
  據加州科學院的資深水生生物學家潘姆·斯查勒稱,它(當時)的情況很危險。
  羽毛能為企鵝保暖,讓它們可以相互識別。
  “出現禿斑以后,皮埃爾開始受到其它企鵝的嘲弄。而且它不能經常下水游泳,因為(失去羽毛的)它感到非常寒冷。”斯查勒說。
  醫學檢驗沒有得出確切定論,隨后,皮埃爾穿上了能讓其自由運動翅膀和雙腳的氯丁二烯橡膠防護馬甲。
  穿上“新衣裳”六周后,皮埃爾的羽毛開始重新生長,現在它有了讓生活煥發生機的希望。
  按照企鵝王國的標準,皮埃爾算是一位老當益壯的“開國元勛”了。在野外,企鵝可以存活約15年;若是人工喂養,它們可以活到20歲左右。而今年2月份,皮埃爾已經達到25歲高齡了。
  斯查勒說:“它現在的一舉一動(表明)它似乎又重新獲得了部落長老的地位。”
  “它現在腰桿挺直了,高大健壯。”
  

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